Monochloroacetic acid

Niaproof® Monochloroacetic acid

A primary field of application for Niaproof Monochloroacetic acid is the manufacture of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), which is then used in the manufacture of adhesives; detergents; finishing agents for the textile, leather and paper industries; and drilling muds for energy production.

Thioglycolic acid, an important derivative of monochloroacetate, is used for the manufacture of polyvinyl chloride stabilizers, hair permanent / waving formulations, and hair depilatory formulations.

Monochloroacetic acid is also an important intermediate for the manufacture of herbicides such as 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2.4-D), 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4,5-T) and 2-methyl-4-chlorophenoxyacetic acid (MCPA).

Niaproof Monochloroacetic acid can be used for a number of further reactions besides those typical of Monochloroacetic acids. For instance, it reacts with the following:

Alcohols - To form alkoxyacetic acids
Ammonia/Amines - To form a-amino acids, e.g. aminoacetic acid, phenylglycine
Alkali Cyanides - To form cyanoacetic acid and from this by saponification malonic acid
Alkali hydrogen Sulfide - To form thioglycolic acid
Phenols - To form phenoxyacetic acid
Aqueous Alkalis - To form glycolic acid